The Original 13 Colonies Map – The 13 colonies, represented by the 13 stripes of the US flag, are British colonies that rebelled against the British and declared independence, giving rise to a new country, the United States of America. These colonies, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia, together formed the United States.
Before the British Empire established its first colony in North America, other Europeans, including the Dutch, French and Spanish, had already established their own colonies on the continent. British colonies crystallized from smaller divisions and territories that had existed before, and of these, 13 original colonies were located along the (eastern) Atlantic coast. They were divided into 3 regions: the New England Colonies, the Central Colonies, and the Southern Colonies.
The Original 13 Colonies Map
Most of the colonies (except Georgia) were founded in the 17th century. By 1700, the population of these 13 colonies consisted of Europeans, Africans, and Native Americans, and was estimated at over 250,000. However, British policies of mercantilism meant that hard-working people rarely benefited from their efforts. This was because most of the wealth gained in the colonies was used to maintain the resources of the crown. Taxes were another problem in the colonies. In 1775, the American Revolution began. Created by these thirteen colonies, the Second Continental Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. This declaration marked the founding of the United States.
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Sixteenth-century England was a tumultuous place. Because they could make more money selling wool than selling food, many landowners turned farmers’ fields into pastures for sheep. This led to food shortages. at the same time, many farm workers lost their jobs.
The 16th century was also the age of mercantilism, a highly competitive economic philosophy that motivated European countries to acquire as many colonies as possible. As a result, the English colonies in North America were mostly business enterprises. They gave an outlet for England’s population surplus and (in some cases) greater religious freedom than England, but their main purpose was to make money for their patrons.
The 13 Colonies: Map, Original States & Facts
In 1606, King James I divided the Atlantic coast in two, giving the southern part to the London Company (later the Virginia Company) and the northern part to the Plymouth Company.
The first English settlement in North America was established about 20 years earlier, in 1587, when a group of colonists (91 men, 17 women and nine children) led by Sir Walter Raleigh settled on Roanoke Island. Mysteriously, by 1590, the Roanoke colony had completely disappeared. Historians still do not know what happened to its inhabitants.
In 1606, just months after James I’s charter, the London Company sent 144 men to Virginia on three ships: Godspeed, Discovery, and Susan Constant. In the spring of 1607, they reached the Chesapeake Bay and moved about 60 miles up the James River, where they built a settlement they named Jamestown.
Original Colonies Map Diagram
The Jamestown colonists had a hard time. they were so busy searching for gold and other resources for export that they could barely feed themselves. It wasn’t until 1616, when Virginia settlers learned to grow tobacco, that the colony seemed to survive. The first enslaved African arrived in Virginia in 1619.
In 1632, the English crown granted approximately 12 million acres of land at the head of the Chesapeake Bay to Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Lord of Baltimore. This colony, named after the Queen of Maryland, was similar to Virginia in many ways. Its landowners produced tobacco on large plantations that depended on the labor of wage laborers and (later) slaves.
However, unlike the founders of Virginia, Lord Baltimore was a Catholic and hoped that his colony would be a refuge for persecuted co-religionists. Maryland became known for its policy of religious tolerance for all.
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The first English settlers in the New England colonies were a small group of Puritan secessionists, later known as the Pilgrims, who came to Plymouth in 1620 to found the Plymouth Colony. Ten years later, a wealthy syndicate known as the Massachusetts Bay Company sent a much larger (and more liberal) group of Puritans to establish another settlement in Massachusetts. With the help of local natives, the colonists soon gained farming, fishing, and hunting, and Massachusetts prospered.
As the settlements of Massachusetts grew, they founded new colonies in New England. Puritans who felt that Massachusetts was not devout enough formed the Connecticut and New Haven colonies (merging in 1665). Meanwhile, the Puritans, who felt Massachusetts was too restrictive, established the Colony of Rhode Island, where everyone, including Jews, enjoyed complete “religious freedom.” North of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, a few adventurous settlers founded the New Hampshire Colony.
In 1664, King Charles II transferred the territory between New England and Virginia, most of it already occupied by Dutch merchants and landowners, to his brother James, Duke of York. The English soon absorbed Dutch New Holland and renamed it New York.
Original 13 States
Most of the Dutch living there (as well as Belgian Flemish and Walloons, French Huguenots, Scandinavians and Germans) stayed on. This made New York one of the most diverse and prosperous colonies in the New World.
In 1680, the king granted 45,000 square miles west of the Delaware River to William Penn, a Quaker who owned large tracts of land in Ireland. Penn’s North American possessions became Penn’s Woods, or Pennsylvania Colony.
Attracted by the fertile land and the religious tolerance that Penn promised, people migrated there from all over Europe. Like their Puritan counterparts in New England, most of these immigrants paid their way to the colonies – they were not indentured servants – and had enough money to settle down upon arrival. As a result, Pennsylvania quickly became a prosperous and relatively egalitarian place.
Colonies Map And Matching
By contrast, the Carolina Colony, an area stretching south from Virginia to Florida and west to the Pacific Ocean, was much less cosmopolitan. In its northern part, tough farmers earned their living. In its southern part, planters ruled vast estates producing corn, timber, beef and pork, and from the 1690s rice.
These Carolinians had close ties to the English plantation colony on the Caribbean island of Barbados, which relied heavily on African slave labor, and many were involved in the slave trade. As a result, slavery played an important role in the development of the Carolina colony. (It was split into North Carolina and South Carolina in 1729.)
In 1732, inspired by the need to build a buffer between the Spanish settlements of South Carolina and Florida, Englishman James Oglethorpe founded the Georgia Colony. In many ways, Georgia’s growth paralleled that of South Carolina.
Live History Class For Kids: The Original 13 Colonies
In 1700, there were approximately 250,000 European settlers and enslaved Africans in the English North American colonies. In 1775, on the eve of the revolution, there were about 2.5 million. The colonists did not have much in common, but they were able to unite and fight for independence.
The American Revolutionary War (1775-1783) broke out after American colonists argued over issues such as taxation without representation, contained in laws such as The Stamp Act and the Townshend Acts. The rising tension culminated on April 19, 1775, at the Battles of Lexington and Concord, when “a shot heard all over the world” was fired.
It wasn’t without warning. The Boston Massacre on March 5, 1770, and the Boston Tea Party on December 16, 1773 showed the colonists’ growing dissatisfaction with British rule in the colonies.
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The Declaration of Independence, issued on July 4, 1776, listed the reasons why the Founding Fathers felt compelled to break away from the rule of King George III and Parliament to create a new nation. In September of that year, the Continental Congress declared the United Colonies of America the United States of America.
France entered the war on the colonial side in 1778, helping the Continental Army defeat the British at the Battle of Yorktown in 1781. The Treaty of Paris was signed, ending the American Revolution and granting independence to the original 13 colonies
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